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El perímetro de la cintura se puede utilizar junto con el IMC para evaluar el riesgo de una persona de desarrollar complicaciones relacionadas con la obesidad. Un mayor perímetro de la cintura se asocia con un aumento del riesgo de desarrollar complicaciones relacionadas con la obesidad y la mortalidad.2

Puntos de corte del perímetro de la cintura para identificar el aumento del riesgo relativo para el desarrollo de complicaciones relacionadas con la obesidad.2

A pesar de que muchos organismos médicos profesionales reconocen que la obesidad es una enfermedad, el estudio ACTION ha demostrado que el 45% de las personas con obesidad aún no han recibido un diagnóstico formal de obesidad.

La obesidad es un problema de la población y se debe tratar como tal . La obesidad es uno de los principales problemas prevalentes de la salud y ha desplazado a los problemas de salud pública tradicionales, como la desnutrición y las enfermedades infecciosas . Será necesario un enfoque integrado, que requiere la acción de todos los sectores de la sociedad, para alcanzar una prevención y tratamiento de la obesidad eficaces.7

Se ha informado de que la prevalencia de la apnea del sueño en las personas con obesidad es del 45%.19

Se ha informado de que la prevalencia de dislipidemia en las personas con obesidad es del 49,7%20

La enfermedad cardiovascular es la causa principal de mortalidad en las personas con obesidad.21

Los hombres y mujeres con obesidad tienen siete y 12 veces, respectivamente, más probabilidades de desarrollar diabetes tipo 2 que las personas sin obesidad.22

Los hombres y mujeres con obesidad tienen casi 1,5 y 2 veces, respectivamente, más probabilidades de desarrollar colecistopatía que las personas sin obesidad.22

El 40% de los casos de cáncer diagnosticados en los EE. UU. (en 13 tipos de cáncer) se asocian con el sobrepeso y la obesidad.23

Los hombres y mujeres con obesidad tienen entre cuatro y dos veces, respectivamente, más probabilidades de desarrollar artrosis que las personas sin obesidad.22

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